Posted in biographical sketch


Yesterday, my daughter, Laurel, was looking for a children’s book that she remembered from years ago to read to her boys. Heather checked the attic and found it. Janet and Allan Ahlberg’s The Jolly Postman or Other People’s Letters.bookCover_jollyPostman It is a wonderful example of imagination. It includes envelopes and letters to fairy-tale characters: the three bears, the wicked witch, the giant, Cinderella and Goldilocks. The letters are addressed and include stamps. It was published in 1986.

Later, I went online to see what other books they had written and illustrated since that date. And found The Jolly Christmas Postman.

Today, I pick up my mail from the post office box in Lawrencetown. It contains, bank statements, bills, advertising fliers and the weekly Guardian.

bookCovers_wendellBerryMeanwhile, through e-mail, I received two essays by Wendell Berry. From Emergence magazine, Berry’s 1989 essay The Pleasures of Eating and from Brain Pickings by Maria Popova, The Hidden Wound.

bookCover_reclaimingTheCommonsMy final literary offering, that I pulled off the bookshelf is Heather Menzies’ Reclaiming the Commons for the Common Good. A book that I picked up in 2015. Her memoir and manifesto could be seen as a response to the George Monbiot video (previous blog). The same is true of my emphasis on imagination.

If you have grandchildren or are simply interested in creative writing, check out the books by the Ahlbergs, go online, or visit Woozles bookstore in Halifax.


To Laurel for remembering a book from thirty years ago. To Heather, for keeping the family treasures. Edward for making the digital connections.


Janet and Allan Ahlberg. 1986. The Jolly Postman or Other People’s Letters. Little, Brown and Co.
Heather Menzies. 2014. Reclaiming the Commons for the Common Good. New Society Publishers.
Brain Pickings by Maria Popova. November 24, 2019: Kahil Gibran on silence, solitude and the courage to know yourself; Wendell Berry on delight as a force of resistance to consumerism and hardship.
Emergence Magazine. Issue #6 Food. The pleasures of Eating and Cooking.

Posted in biographical sketch

Exploring Haida Gwaii

We started our exploration on Moresby Island.map_moresbyIsland To obtain an overview of the changes, we joined Moresby Explorers on a four-day trip. With four other couples, we travelled in a Zodiac to the National Park Reserve, Marine Conservation Area Reserve and Haida Heritage Site. We stayed two nights at the Moresby Explorers float camp in Crescent Inlet and one night at Rose Harbour. En route, we stopped at several Haida sites: Cumshewa, Skedans, Tanu, Windy Bay and Ninstints (SGang Gwaay). At each site, the Watchman described the settlement history. En route, we enjoyed a diversity of sitings of marine life: birds, whales as well as bear, racoon and deer.

After the Moresby adventure, we returned to Queen Charlotte to reconnect with Graham Island. On the drive north, we stopped at the Sitka Studio and bookstore in Tlell; we hiked up Tow Hill, and lunched in Masset. Overall, it seemed timeless; although there was a new co-op store in Skidegate.

To catch up with changes in the culture and thinking, I did pick up two new books.bookCover_potlachPedagogy At the Sitka Studio, I found ‘Potlatch as Pedagogy: Learning through Ceremony’ by Sara and Robert Davidson. Later in the day, at a gift shop in Old Massett, I found ‘Shaping the Future on Haida Gwaii: Life beyond Settler Colonialism’. by Joseph Weiss.

Just from reading the first chapter, with its description of current life in Old Massett, I can imagine varied reactions. Later at the library in Queen Charlotte, I saw a notice of a community presentation by the author to be held this week in Old Massett.bookCover_ShapingTheFuture

On our last day on Haida Gwaii, we visited the Haida Museum in Skidegate. By now, I had filled my bag with stories (books). However, I happened to notice a book by Maria Tippett ‘Made in British Columbia: Eight ways of Making Culture’. It includes eight essays, one is on George Woodcock (1912-1995), entitled ‘Defining the Canon, the self-made man of letters’. Woodcock immigrated to Canada from England in 1949. In 1966, he received the Governor General’s Literary Award for ‘The Crystal Spirit: a study of George Orwell’. Woodcock knew Orwell in England, before the Second World War.bookCover_madeInBC

‘As he wrote in retrospect, Canadian Literature flourished because of the growing number of new critics, and the growing volume of new books, quantitatively and eventually rich’. p.102.

Tippett in her book on eight BC culture producers, besides George Woodcock, includes essays on Emily Carr, Bill Reid and Arthur Erickson.




Ollie at Moresby Explorers was a knowledgeable guide with excellent boating skills. Heather shared the travels down Haida Gwaii memory lane. Edward Wedler added his graphics contribution.


Sara Davidson and Robert Davidson. 2018. Potlatch as Pedagogy: Learning through Ceremony. Portage and Main Press.
Joseph Weiss. 2018. Shaping the Future: Life beyond settler colonialism.UBC Press.
Maria Tippett.2015. Made in British Columbia: Eight Ways of Making Culture. Harbour Publishing.

Posted in biographical sketch

BC Book World

This week, we headed to Vancouver Island.map_southernVancouverIsland Took the ferry from Tsawwassen to Nanaimo. The plan was to spend two nights camping at Parksville and two nights in Victoria. Everything went pretty much according to plan.

Our purpose was to remind ourselves about the joys and limitations of living in BC. We stopped at Duncan, Sooke, Nanaimo and Brentwood. We camped at Rathtrevor Beach Provincial Park in Parksville.

bookCover_BCbookWorldSummer2019On the ferry to Vancouver Island, I checked out BC Bookworld. I noted a review of ‘Love of the Salish Sea Islands: new essays, memoirs and poems by 40 Island Writers, by Mona Fertig (ed) and Gail Sjuberg (see page 24). I also noticed a copy of ‘The Nature of Canada’ edited by Colin Coates and Graeme Wynn. I resisted the temptation of purchase because I knew that there would be a time in Victoria to visit Munro’s bookstore, always a must when in the BC capital.

The splendour of the landscape, the BC outdoor lifestyle removed the desire to put my nose in a book. I can save my purchases for another time, another place.


However, at Munro’s, I did find Ground Work: Writings on Places and People, edited by Tim Dee.

“We live in an age where everything is being determined by the activities of just one soft-skinned, warm-blooded, short-lived pedestrian species. How then, should we live in the ruins that we have made? “

“These rich and varied essays bring together voices from diverse backgrounds and geographies.” Guardian.

Back in Walnut Grove, there will be time to savour both the British perspective (Tim Dee) and the Canadian perspective (Coates and Wynn).

“The Nature of Canada will make you think differently not only about Canada and its past but also quite possibly about Canada and its future.”

Wynn is Professor Emeritus at UBC in Geography and Environmental History. Coates teaches Canadian Studies and Environmental History at York University.

We have a week of ‘downtime’ in Walnut Grove: to enjoy family, the walking trails, community recreation centre. Tonight (Friday) we will attend the Jazz Festival at Fort Langley. Next week, we leave for Haida Gwaii. The joys are apparent: landscapes and people. The limitations are all questions of economics.


To Laurel, Nic and their extended family for logistic support. To Glen and Shelley for memories of Edmonton, and Royal Roads University, and advice on knee injuries. Heather for sharing the journey. Edward for his graphics contribution.


BC Bookworld. Volume 33, No. 2. Summer, 2019.
Tim Dee (Ed.) 2018. Ground Work: Writings on Place and People. Vintage Press.
Colin W. Coates and Graeme Wynn. (Eds.) 2019. The Nature of Canada. UBC Press.

Posted in biographical sketch

Heading West

Last week, it was the Esri User Conference in San Diego. For those of us unable to attend, it was possible to watch videos of the plenary session. Of particular interest, was the conversation between Jack Dangermond and Jane Goodall and EO Wilson. The emphasis was on citizen science and biodiversity. The same message could be found in the collaboration between Esri and National Geographic.

bookCover_LastBestPlaceBefore heading to Langley, BC via Calgary and Vancouver airport, there was time for some retrospective homework. On the plane, I had the time to read John DeMont The Last Best Place. John was a speaker at the EBLES event. The book provided a ‘Farewell to Nova Scotia’ experience.

Stepping out into the Vancouver traffic, I reminded myself of the need for street address systems. For example, in Langley, where is the intersection of 211 Street and 92 Avenue? Our minds have to adjust, from reading the landscape to an abstract coordinate system.

At Vancouver airport, out of the blue, I was contacted by John Rostron. It was about twenty years ago, when I was working at Royal Roads University, that John contacted me about establishing a new program at BIOTROP in Indonesia.logo_biotrop This resulted in a link between COGS and BIOTROP. We designed a program linking Information Technology to Resource Management. Canadian graduates were hired to effect the technology transfer of GIS and other software. I look forward to receiving an update, after two decades. Will the programs mirror the conversations on citizen science described at the Esri User Conference?


Brent Hall for the Esri video links. John Rostron for making the BIOTROP connection. Edward Wedler for his graphics contribution. Nic and Laurel for their hospitality in Langley.


Esri User Conference 2019. Plenary videos
BIOTROP web site.
John DeMont. 1998. The Last Best Place: Lost in the Heart of Nova Scotia. Doubleday Canada

Posted in biographical sketch

Citizen Advisory

This week, I had two opportunities to discuss citizen advisory committees. The first arose from my conversations with Brian Arnott. Brian and his partner Leslie Wright run an international cultural consulting business, Novita Interpares, from Lunenburg.Screenshot_2019-05-20-09-01-43 We were comparing notes on community development in the Annapolis Valley and along the South Shore. In my previous blog, I had raised questions about technology and education from the perspective of a citizen living in rural Annapolis County. Asking difficult questions, and offering solutions are very different activities.

From Brian, I recognized that small towns are scaled down versions of our larger metropolitan areas. As such their economic development depends upon input from different sectors. This input can be obtained through citizen advisory committees or sectoral interest groups.

The second opportunity was a meeting with Danielle Robinson. Danielle is a Ph.D candidate at the University of Guelph.Screenshot_2019-05-20-09-12-57 Her Ph.D research is a comparative analysis of food tourism in the Okanagan Valley with the Annapolis Valley. As we talked about the structures in Nova Scotia , I realized there is a real difference in both approach and culture between BC and NS. Comparative research can help us redefine our approach to seemingly intractable issues: changing demographics, municipal competition, the relationship between communities and their educational institutions.


While in Lunenburg, Brian introduced me to Alastair Jarvis who runs Woodscamp Technologies Inc. This company is owned by the American Forest Foundation. Their business model is to assist private woodlot owners in several US states. They use a combination of technologies to meet the needs of their clients. Interestingly, their staff has expertise in GIS, cloud computing, as well as gaming technologies. They are able to meet the needs of their American clients from Lunenburg, in rural Nova Scotia.

This week, we have started to ramp up the publicity for the Ernest Buckler Literary Event Society (EBLES) bi-ennial event, in support of local writing. This year it will be Saturday, June 29th at the Temple on Queen in Bridgetown. Keynote speakers are Whit Fraser and John Demont. Both bring a reporter’s experience to their writing and understanding of the North, and the Maritimes, respectively.

b52c602a-2817-4905-9c36-9fda35f157e7Tickets for the EBLES event are available at The Endless Shores Books, Bridgetown; Shelf Life Used Books, Kentville; The Inside Story, Greenwood; Mad Hatter Books, Annapolis Royal and the MacDonald Museum, Middleton.


To Brian Arnott, Alastair Jarvis and Danielle Robinson for a series of stimulating conversations. To the members of the EBLES team for their ongoing commitment to writing about place: Jane Borecky, Anne Crossman and John Montgomerie. Edward Wedler for his graphics contribution.


Woodscamp Technologies Inc. see their web site at

Whit Fraser 2018. True North Rising. Burnstown Publishing House.

John Demont 2017. The Long Way Home. A personal history of Nova Scotia. Penguin Random House.




Posted in biographical sketch

Reading to Grandchildren

One of the real pleasures of visiting grandchildren is the opportunity to read bedtime stories. Reading to Quinn brings back memories of Birmingham University in the 1960’s: Manfred Mann and ‘The Mighty Quinn’, and the Spencer Davis Group. Quinn the Eskimo, or was it Anthony Quinn, in Zorba the Greek.

Recent books include Halifax ABCStephen Hawking Little People, Big Dreams, and Stories for Boys Who Dare to be Different.

bookCovers_halifaxHawkingBoysThe Halifax ABC was picked up at Woozles in Halifax. It has excellent artwork. Stories for Boys who dare to be different, provides one-page biographies, from Patch Adams to Benjamin Zephaniah and includes such luminaries as Stephen Hawking and Nelson Mandela. For each person, Quinn always asks ‘what age were they when they died ?’ The Stephen Hawking book gives more details on his life.

For those interested in walking, my brother sent me a review in the Guardian of a new book by a Norwegian author, Walking: one step at a time

As I prepared to leave Iqaluit, I stopped for one last time at Arctic Ventures. I picked up Nick Newbery’s autobiography Never a Dull Moment. It describes his forty years in Education in Canada’s North. He lived in  , Taloyoak and Iqaluit.

Today, we expected to watch the dog sled races. However, this may be delayed by a search and rescue mission. Reflecting, both the uncertainty of the North, as well as the level of community support and spirit.

From Newbery, p190.

”The North isn’t just a place, it’s a lifestyle, the small-town lifestyle that is the glue to Nunavut’s character personified by Inuit and their culture, a people different from qallunaat but not that different any more, just different enough to get one to think about one’s own culture and priorities and perhaps do some adjusting”


Neil Christopher. 2015. On the Shoulder of a Giant. An Inuit folktale. Inhabit Media.


To Quinn and Isla Rose for sharing ‘story time’. To the authors who share their experiences of the Arctic. To Peter for the links to the Guardian. Edward for his graphics skills.


Ben Brooks. 2018. Stories for Boys who dare to be different. RP Kids, Philadelphia.
Isabel Vergara. Stephen Hawking. Little People, Big Dreams. Frances Lincoln Children’s Books.
Nick Newbery. 2019. Never a Dull Moment. Nortext Publishing Corp.
Yolanda Poplawska. 2009. A Halifax ABC. Published by Nimbus.

Erling Kagge. 2019. Walking: one step at a time. Penguin Books.



Posted in biographical sketch

Taking the Leap

After spending the month of September in the apple orchard, it was time to go down the road to Ontario. We had two objectives: to see how our grandchildren were adapting to life in the Ottawa valley; and to visit old friends who we had worked with, and known since the late ’70’s. The final destination was Petawawa, about a two hour drive west of Ottawa.

We lived in Ottawa in 1977-8. Two children were born at the Ottawa Civic hospital. At the time, I was working with George Argus at the National Herbarium on the rare vascular plants of Canada. George had overall responsibility for this multi-year project. In addition, he was a global authority on the genus, Salix i.e. willows. They are a very challenging taxonomic group.

My companion book for the drive was Peter Sanger’s White Salt Mountain. Published by Gaspereau Press and found at The Odd Book, a second hand book store in Wolfville. It was a challenging read, steeped in deep research into poetry and literature.This clashed with my day to day recollections of living and working in Ontario.

In the Pembroke region, we checked out the craft beer industry, as well as a the second hand book stores.I found a copy of The History of Kings County Nova Scotia. A reprint by Global Heritage Press of 1910 book by Arthur Wentworth Hamilton Eaton. In Ottawa, we found our old residence on Churchill and Richmond. The neighbourhood had become quite ‘up market’, including Mountain Equipment Co-op (MEC), where we had to go.

Buying Pema Chodron’s book, Taking the Leap.Freeing Ourselves from old Habits and Fears encouraged us to look with fresh eyes at the Upper Canada life style. We discussed the options with Pat and Emily for themselves and their children. We chatted with George and Mary about retirement in the city; condominium living along the Ottawa river.

In a flash, the time had flown by. Thanksgiving in Petawawa, and then two days later Thanksgiving in New Glasgow.. Within the week, it seemed that the colour of the trees had changes in Quebec and Northern New Brunswick. Along the St Lawrence, the geese were gathering into large flocks, getting ready to head South to the next feeding area.

In Quebec, we noted the different approach to tourism. The guide to Chaudiere Appalaches contained detailed maps, with thematic colours for culture and heritage, regional flavours, nature and the outdoors. It seemed that Nova Scotia could learn from Quebec.

Finally, another discovery in the Ottawa valley were the plant nurseries. We thought about our pond and wetland garden in Paradise. We could contemplate a wider selection of herbs and grasses for our climate zone.

Back home. I can now wait for the inter-library loan, to bring in:

Annie Dillard. The Writing Life

David Quammen The Tangled Tree

Peter Sanger. Spar: Words in Place.


Edward Wedler is away in Ontario this week. He will likely add graphics next week.



Pema Chodron 2010. Taking the Leap. Freeing Ourselves from Old Habits and Fears. Shambala, Boulder, Co.

Peter Sanger 2005.White Salt Mountain. Words in Time. Gaspereau Press. Kentville, NS.

Arthur Wentworth Hamilton Eaton 1910. The History of Kings County Nova Scotia. Heart of the Acadian Land. Global Heritage Press. http://global

2018-19 Official Tourist Guide. Chaudiere Appalaches. Live it for Real.


Posted in biographical sketch

A Time of Transition

dogsledTeamiFor the last few years, every Summer, we have provided a holiday camp for two retired Inuit sled dogs: Uke and Siq Siq. They were part of a litter born in Pond Inlet, Nunavut about twelve years ago, under the watchful eye of my son, Andrew. Later, they went to Prince George, where they provided Patrick, my eldest son, with the pulling power for ski-joring. They arrive in Paradise, in May and usually return home by early September.

While they are in our care, we get used to their howling at night with the local coyotes, living on the floodplain along the Annapolis River. Or they howl in response to the sirens from emergency response vehicles.

Yesterday, they returned to their permanent home. This year it is to Petawawa in the Ottawa Valley. Today, it feels very strange to pass by their pen, and not to receive a welcome or reaction.

We have now entered apple harvesting season. maher_apple_1In the Valley, a late frost in early June impacted many of the apple growers in the region. Fortunately, for us, Raymond Hunter planted his trees in a tree protected area. This has allowed us to ship the early drops to Brian Boates in Woodville. Now we have started picking directly from the trees. The first cycle will be the Nova Mac variety, to be followed later, by the Mac Free. All of these organic apples will be juiced at Boates cider mill and then transported to Ironworks Distillery, Lunenburg as a key ingredient in their apple brandy. If we have a spell without too much rain, we should be able to pick a couple of bins per day. (note: one bin can hold between 18-20 bushel boxes).

For most Nova Scotians, September is ‘return to school’.  That no longer applies for Heather and myself. Instead, it is a time when we miss the sound and companionship of the retired sled dogs. It is also a time of physical labour, as we climb the apple ladders, fill the bushel boxes and then load into the larger bins. The tractor, with its forklift, comes out of the barn to load the bins onto a flat-bed truck for transportation.

Other signs of change found in the media include comments on the Lahey report. In particular, I recommend Raymond Plourde, Ecology Action Centre. He has an online opinion piece in the Chronicle Herald, September 8th Lahey Forestry report; the good, the bad and the missing.

Or take a look at the poster produced by the Valley REN for the Devour Festival, this October. It promotes the unique qualities of living and working in the Annapolis Valley.poster_valleyREN


I want to acknowledge my monthly conversations at the End of the Line pub with Frank Fox and Paul Colville. They encourage me to keep writing my blog. Thanks, as usual,  to Edward for his graphics, and to Heather for sharing the workload.


Raymond Plourde. Chronicle Herald September 8, 2018. Opinions. Lahey Forestry report: the good, the bad and the missing.

Deborah Dennis. Valley REN. Forwarded a new poster for the Devour Festival. September 11,2018.

Posted in biographical sketch

Nova Scotia Retires

This week, as part of my Ernest Blair experiment, I arranged for an interview with Natasha Prosser at Nova Scotia Works. peopleWorxMy interest was two-fold. I wanted to challenge myself and find out what would be the process if I decided to return to work ( I retired in 2011). Secondly, I wanted to understand the nature of the employment hub in Middleton The result was a one-on-one interview with Natasha challenging me to define this new person post-traditional employment. In my case, I had been working within different institutions, either government or education.

On the same day, I noted an article by Sandra Martin in The Walrus (September 2018) on Aging: the baby boomers’ last revolution.

“Boomers have grabbed so much of life’s riches and adventures. Now it is time for us to give back: not only for ourselves but for the sake of our children and the generations to come. Fixing pharmacare and home care could be our final and most significant campaign – if we are up for one last struggle.” p.53.

communityPeterBlockAnother connection, that appeared in my email box that day, was from Axiom News. It describes the work of Peter Block and the second edition of his book Community: The Structure of Belonging 

“whatever it is that you care about, it takes a group of people to learn to trust each other and choose to cooperate for a larger purpose to make the difference that you seek.”

Hence my blog title is a play on words. Rather than think about Nova Scotia Works, let us imagine a social enterprise called Nova Scotia Retires. What would it look like? What issues would it address? Could it address the issues covered by Sandra Martin? Would it be designed along the lines suggested by Peter Block?

From various statistics, it would appear that Nova Scotia has a wealth of talent to support such an agency. It could be a world leader. Rather than addressing these questions, after the fact, we could create a culture that understands at a deep level, the transition from work to retirement. What activities, infrastructure are needed in support of this natural progression? Some of these structures exist today. Others may not exist anywhere. We need to experiment with different arrangements to see what can or will work in the future. That’s pretty exciting stuff. It could change our relationship to each other, as well as our relationship with our community and the landscape.

Excerpt from:


Thanks to Natasha Prosser and Edward Wedler for their continued support.

Sandra Martin. 2018. The New Old Age. The Walrus  September. p.46-53

Peter Block 2018. Community: the Structure of Belonging. 2nd edition.

Axiom News.August 2nd 2018. Engaging Wisdom Councils and Uniting for Common Good.

Posted in biographical sketch

Arrival: return to Newfoundland

Over forty years ago, I was teaching Biogeography and Computer Mapping at Memorial University in St Johns, Newfoundland. In the Summer, we conducted field research on the west coast in Gros Morne National Park. This was complemented by ten-day back-packing trips into the Long Range mountains for Black Feather outfittersSs.

Heather and I returned to the west coast of Newfoundland these past two weeks to see what had changed in the landscape and to ourselves.

We took Highway 430, the Viking Trail, from Deer Lake to St. Anthony. We camped and hiked Gros Morne Mountain and Green Gardens. We drove from Rocky Harbour to St. Anthony on a paved road. Forty years ago it was a dirt road from the Northern boundary of the National Park. This had proved a major deterrent in the past.

Nfld_1bWe had many personal realizations. While we had studied the plants in the National Park, visiting the serpentine Tablelands and the barrens on the top of Gros Morne, we had not gone North of the park. Over the last forty years, scientists have rediscovered the geology and biology of the Great Northern peninsula, in particular the uniqueness of the limestone barrens.

As you travel North from the Port aux Basques ferry you can obtain regional maps : southwest coast, Humber Valley, Gros Morne and the Great Northern peninsula. Each regional map identifies things to do and see. For the Great Northern peninsula, categories include hiking trails, parks and ecological reserves, cultural experiences, heritage and museums, attractions, tours and adventures.

A second realization was the engagement of the fishing communities with the scientific community, plus government and academic institutions. We were able to pick up a copy of Burzynski, et al., Exploring the limestone barrens of Newfoundland and Labrador. This book was published by the Gros Morne Co-operative Association. It gave us the story and the location of the different ecological reserves. We stopped at Burnt Cape, White Rocks, Port au Choix. At Sandy Cove, we noted the sign ‘Home of Long’s Braya’, a species first identified by Fernald.

Aside from hiking and botanizing, there was also the human story. The Viking Trail leads to L’Anse aux Meadows, a UNESCO World Heritage site. Helge and Anne Stine Ingstad discovered the site in the sixties. The Viking Trail  takes you to St Anthony, where you connect to the life and work of Wilfred Grenfell. The Grenfell Mission improved the lives of the fishing communities in Southern Labrador and along the Northern Peninsula. At St Lunaire-Griquet, we visited the Dark Tickle Company. They produce a wide range of jams, sauces, drinks and relishes from wild berries.They belong to the Economusee network, promoting local products.

We returned slowly to the Annapolis Valley, stopping in Cape Breton Highlands National Park for more hiking and botanizing.This allowed us to reflect on the different approaches to rural development, as well as the similarities, between Newfoundland and Nova Scotia.

On our return, a copy of Nick Mount’s book Arrival. The Story of CanLit. was waiting for me at the Lawrencetown library. It describes the changes in the Canadian literary scene, starting in the late sixties (1967 Expo in Montreal). Of note, the copy was donated by his Mother who lives in Deep Brook, NS. ( see earlier blog).

I have the same sense of ‘Arrival’ after revisiting the landscapes and people of Western Newfoundland. We returned to hiking, Botany and Geography. We used regional maps which engage the local communities, share their unique ecology, cultural history and local economy; all done in typical Newfoundland style and flair.


Nick Mount. 2017. Arrival. The Story of Can Lit. House of Anansi Press, Toronto.

Michael Burzynski, Henry Mann and Anne Marceau. 2016. Exploring the Limestone Barrens of Newfoundland and Labrador. Gros Morne Co-operating Association.

Artisans at Work. Economusee magazine. Summer 2017.

Patricia O’Brien. 1992. The Grenfell Obsession. An Anthology. Creative Publisher, St Johns.

Ronald Rompkey. 2009. Grenfell of Labrador. A Biography. McGill -Queens University Press.

For the regional maps of Western Newfoundland, check